BONN, GERMANY — Climate change experts from leading non-governmental organizations have developed a blueprint for a legally binding Copenhagen agreement. This will serve as the benchmark for governments negotiating a new climate deal this year and shows how major differences between rich and poor nations can be overcome.
The 160-page "Copenhagen Climate Treaty", was distributed to negotiators from 192 states, took some of the world's most experienced climate NGOs almost a year to write and contains a full legal text covering all the main elements needed to provide the world with a fair and ambitious agreement that keeps climate change impacts below the unacceptable risk levels identified by most scientists.
The document describes the path the world must be on to avoid catastrophic climate change, recognising that global temperature increase must be kept well below 2 degrees Celsius. It sets a global cap on emissions — a carbon budget — and explains in detail how both industrialised and developing countries can contribute to the safety of the planet and its people, according to their means and responsibilities and shows how the poorest and most vulnerable on the planet can be protected and compensated.
Adaptation is another key component of the Treaty outlining an Adaptation Action Framework which includes grants, insurance and compensation for the most vulnerable countries.
The Treaty calls for a legally binding agreement consisting of three parts; the Kyoto Protocol updated to strengthen industrialized country obligations; a new Copenhagen Protocol that has legally binding commitments for the USA and sets out low carbon pathways for developing countries, supported by the industrialized world; a set of decisions that lays the groundwork for the next three years.
The "Copenhagen Climate Treaty", was drafted by the David Suzuki Foundation, Greenpeace, WWF, IndyACT — the League of Independent Activists, Germanwatch, National Ecological Centre of Ukraine and expert individuals from around the world.
Notes to Editors:
The Copenhagen Climate Treaty includes:
- The annual global carbon budget in 2020 from all sources of greenhouse gases (not counting those controlled by the Montréal Protocol) would be no higher than 36.1 Gt CO2e, bringing emissions down to roughly 1990 levels and would need to be reduced to 7.2 Gt CO2e in 2050, in other words by 80% below 1990 levels.
- A design proposal for a new institution — the Copenhagen Climate Facility — to manage the processes for emissions cuts, adaptation and forest protection under the new global treaty.
- A recipe for long-term action plans for both developed countries (Zero Carbon Action Plans, ZCAPs) and developing countries (Low Carbon Action Plans, LCAPs).
- Binding targets for Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) like Singapore, South Korea and Saudi Arabia in line with the Convention principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
NGO climate treaty 1.38 MB pdf
NGO Copenhagen treaty: full legal text 623 KB pdf
Dale Marshall, Climate Change Policy Analyst at the David Suzuki Foundation is available for interviews.